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Defending the Society of StatesWhy America Opposes the International Criminal Court and its Vision of World Society$
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Jason Ralph

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199214310

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214310.001.0001

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Conclusion: International Society and American Empire

Conclusion: International Society and American Empire

(p.205) 8 Conclusion: International Society and American Empire
Defending the Society of States

Jason Ralph (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter summarises and interprets the main arguments of the book. To do this it draws on E.H.Carr's criticism of the idea that a harmony always exists between the particular interests of the great powers and those of wider society. To the extent that US interests are advanced by the society of states and to the extent that liberty can grow within this society, it is possible to accept the idea that the US promotes and Empire of Liberty. But to the extent that the society of states continues to tolerate injustice, then the supposed harmony between US defence of that society and the world's demand for justice quickly breaks down. The chapter reminds readers of the utopian element of Carr's philosophy and his argument that great powers often need to compromise in order to maintain credibility. In this context, it concludes that support for the ICC is a more effective means of fulfilling America's purpose and a less costly sacrifice for the US to make than that demanded by the ‘Americanist’ policy of nation‐building.

Keywords:   E.H. Carr, harmony of interest, empire, republic, Kant, utopian, realism

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