This chapter discusses what it is for two properties to be such that instantiations of the one realize instantiations of the other — as it might be, instances of C-fiber firing realize instances of pain. The account offered is the subset account, the main part of which says that P is realized by Q if certain subset relations hold between the causal feature of P and those of Q. It is essential to the account that realized properties have causal efficacy in their own right. A distinction is drawn between the core-realizer of a property instance and its total realizer. An extension of the account allows a property of one thing (e.g., a person's body) to be a realizer of a property of a different thing coincident with it (the person).
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