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Language and National Identity in Greece, 1766-1976$
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Peter Mackridge

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199214426

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214426.001.0001

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Alternative proposals to Korais' project, 1804–1830

Alternative proposals to Korais' project, 1804–1830

(p.126) 5 Alternative proposals to Korais' project, 1804–1830
Language and National Identity in Greece, 1766-1976

Peter Mackridge

Oxford University Press

Korais' proposals met with opposition from three camps, two of which waged long campaigns of vilification against his ideas. This chapter analyses the counterproposals of each of these three groups. First, the objections of the archaists are discussed. Then an account is given of the arguments deployed by political conservatives led by Panagiotis Kodrikas, whose polemic aimed to undermine Korais' attempt to secularize and democratize Greek culture and education by wresting control of it from the ecclesiastical and Fanariot establishment based in Constantinople. Lastly the arguments of the vernacularists during this period are analysed; some of these men were attached to the Fanariot establishment, while others, such as Solomos, were romantic poets living in the British-occupied Ionian Islands. The common feature linking these camps was their sense that Korais, an upstart from a bourgeois mercantile background living in Paris, was trying to take over control of Greek culture from its indigenous authorities.

Keywords:   archaism, vernacularism, Fanariots, Orthodox Church, Greek culture, Solomos

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