The Primordial God is an agent whose power is unlimited of its kind. This chapter argues that if creation was part of the act of the Primordial God, then God has subsequently no power to overrule the natural order. For although it is perfectly coherent for God to retain power while creating other agents, resulting in dual control, the occurrence of horrendous evils forces us to say that God chose to abdicate some power to give agents autonomy. For the sake of acquiring some character, and taking into consideration the good of creatures, God not merely abdicates some power but acquires a loving character. In that case, the Divine Person or Persons are not such as would have created in the first place a universe with so much opportunity for suffering.
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