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Cognitive VariationsReflections on the Unity and Diversity of the Human Mind$
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Geoffrey Lloyd

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199214617

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214617.001.0001

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(p.151) 8 Reason
Cognitive Variations

G. E. R. Lloyd (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter argues that the problems that centre round reason, rationality, and intelligence are complex and elude easy, in some cases, any resolution. It examines the different approaches that have been adopted, reflecting different interests, different methodologies, and different starting assumptions. It begins where some of the modern debate started, namely with Lévy-Bruhl's proposal of a pre-logical mentality. Some comments are presented on the controversies that stemmed from that, on the question of apparently irrational beliefs, and on the conjecture that reasoning ability is unevenly distributed across modern cultures.

Keywords:   reason, rationality, intelligence, pre-logical mentality, informal logic

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