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Fragmented France – Two Centuries of Disputed Identity - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Fragmented France: Two Centuries of Disputed Identity

Jack Hayward


For centuries, France has struggled to impose unity upon its diverse components. Its leaders have defined its identity by opposition to the ‘Anglo-Saxons’: first England, then Britain and the USA. After exploring France's self-image by contrast with the Anglo-American counter-identity, Part One deals with the unfinished revolution from 1789 to 1878 when the Third Republic achieved relative stability. After examining the variety of symbolic representations of French exceptionalism in search of democratic legitimacy and national unanimity, the enduring divisions in French society are explained i ... More

Keywords: identity, polarization, Anglo-Saxons, legitimacy, revolution, intellectuals, protectionist

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2007 Print ISBN-13: 9780199216314
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2007 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216314.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Jack Hayward, author
Research Professor of Politics, University of Hull
Author Webpage