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Advanced Structural Inorganic Chemistry$
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Wai-Kee Li, Gong-Du Zhou, and Thomas Mak

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199216949

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216949.001.0001

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Bonding in Coordination Compounds

Bonding in Coordination Compounds

(p.261) 8 Bonding in Coordination Compounds
Advanced Structural Inorganic Chemistry

Wai-Kee Li

Gong-Du Zhou

Thomas Chung Wai Mak

Oxford University Press

This chapter covers the electronic structure of coordination complexes, using the language of group theory throughout. The bonding of these complexes ranges from ionic (crystal field theory, or CFT) to covalent (molecular orbital theory). In CFT, group theory is employed to derive the terms split from a given atomic electronic state under the influence of a set of ligands. Other topics discussed include Orgel diagrams, Tanabe-Sugano diagrams, correlation of weak and strong field approximations, spin-orbit interaction (double group), etc. Regarding molecular orbital theory, techniques used in Chapters 3 and 7 are applied to coordination complexes, with the metal d-orbitals now playing a central role. These theories are then used to interpret a number of electronic spectra of complexes selected from the literature. The chapter concludes with sections on vibronic interaction in complexes and on the f-orbitals and their crystal field splitting patterns.

Keywords:   charge transfer transitions, d-d transitions, crystal field theory, double group, eighteen-electron rule, electronic spectra of selected complexes, f-orbitals, Orgel diagrams, spectrochemical series, Tanabe-Sugano diagrams

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