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Philosophy and Religion in Enlightenment BritainNew Case Studies$
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Ruth Savage

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199227044

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227044.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 June 2021

Samuel Haliday (1685–1739)

Samuel Haliday (1685–1739)

Travelling scholar, court lobbyist, and non-subscribing divine

(p.112) 6 Samuel Haliday (1685–1739)
Philosophy and Religion in Enlightenment Britain

A. D. G. Steers

Oxford University Press

Samuel Haliday, an Ulster-Scots Presbyterian minister, was a leader of the non-subscription movement in the controversy over the Westminster Confession after his settlement in Belfast in 1720. Originally Glasgow-trained, he studied from 1705 to 1708 at Leiden and Basel universities and the Academy of Geneva, where he encountered a movement towards toleration and liberty of judgement amongst those committed to seemingly conflicting theologies. He would also find a more philosophical approach to natural theology than he had known at home. In 1708 he became chaplain to a Scots regiment on the continent. After the peace of 1713 he was retained part-time, taking leave during which he was a lobbyist for the Church of Scotland in London, where he was also a liaison between the Kirk, English and Irish dissenters, and the Anglican Church. He retained contact with friends in Switzerland, such as Jean-Alphonse Turrettini, who were seeking a principled basis on which to found pan-Protestant unity and espoused an ‘enlightened orthodoxy’ that dispensed with subscription to extra-biblical confessions. Haliday’s career links English and Irish dissent with a significant current in European Protestantism

Keywords:   Samuel Haliday, Jean-Alphonse Turrettini, liberty of judgement, non-subscription, toleration, Presbyterianism, Protestant dissent, Westminster Confession

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