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European Tort Law$
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Cees van Dam

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199227679

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227679.001.0001

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Liability for Movable Objects

Liability for Movable Objects

(p.353) 14 Liability for Movable Objects
European Tort Law

Cees van Dam

Oxford University Press

Movable objects often play an important role when someone causes personal injury or property damage to someone else. For this category, France even holds a general strict liability rule. This chapter looks at liability for damage caused by animals, products, motor vehicles, and dangerous substances. Whereas liability for the first two categories shows a number of similarities in the various legal systems in Europe and the European Union, liability in the two latter categories deviates strongly. In England, for example, liability for motor vehicles is still based on fault, whereas France holds a system of almost absolute liability. The efforts of the European Commission to bring more harmony in liability for road traffic accidents and for damage caused to the environment have almost entirely failed. Even in the most harmonised area, that of liability for defective products, important differences remain throughout the legal systems.

Keywords:   liability, movable objects, Europe, animals, motor vehicles, products, dangerous substances, European Union, damage

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