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European Tort Law$
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Cees van Dam

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199227679

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227679.001.0001

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Liability in Emergency Cases

Liability in Emergency Cases

(p.462) 17 Liability in Emergency Cases
European Tort Law

Cees van Dam

Oxford University Press

An extraordinary category concerns the liability in cases of emergency. This chapter examines whether someone can be liable for damage he causes (or rather did not prevent from happening) for failing to rescue a person from a dangerous situation. With respect to the question of whether someone who sees another person in danger of drowning is obliged to come to his rescue, the legal systems, again, provide different answers. A subsequent question is that, if someone undertakes a rescue, what are his duties? Is he required to be successful or is he only obliged not to make the victim's position worse? The chapter looks at national rules on liability in emergency cases in England, France, and Germany, focusing on issues related to duty to rescue such as the rescuer's standard of care or the rescuer's right to compensation.

Keywords:   liability, emergency cases, duty to rescue, right to compensation, Germany, France, England, standard of care

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