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Global CompetitionLaw, Markets, and Globalization$
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David Gerber

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199228225

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228225.001.0001

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Global Competition Law: A Project Conceived and Abandoned

Global Competition Law: A Project Conceived and Abandoned

(p.19) 2 Global Competition Law: A Project Conceived and Abandoned
Global Competition

David J. Gerber

Oxford University Press

This chapter analyzes transnational efforts to develop a global competition regime during the first half of the 20th century. It reveals that these early experiences were far richer and had far more influence on subsequent developments than is typically assumed. At the International Economic Conference in 1926 there was widespread international concern about the effects of private restraints on global competition, and there was broad support for multilateral agreement to combat these harms. Depression and war submerged the idea, but it acquired even more support after the Second World War, when it was included in the proposals for an International Trade Organization that was part of the post-war plans to create international economic organizations that could foster economic development and deter economic disruptions. The Cold War forced the US to abandon plans for the ITO, but competition law had now become well-known in many countries, and these early experiences would influence not only many national developments, but also European integration.

Keywords:   Havana Charter, International Trade Organization, International Economic Conference, the 1920s, international community, Cold War, Depression, global competition, global cooperation, postwar economic institutions

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