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Feeding the DemocracyThe Athenian Grain Supply in the Fifth and Fourth Centuries BC$
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Alfonso Moreno

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199228409

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228409.001.0001

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Euonymon: The Agriculture and Economy of the Classical Athenian Deme

Euonymon: The Agriculture and Economy of the Classical Athenian Deme

(p.37) 2 Euonymon: The Agriculture and Economy of the Classical Athenian Deme
Feeding the Democracy

Alfonso Moreno (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents a case study of the agriculture and economy of the large suburban deme Euonymon. Archaeological evidence from this deme and its neighbors on the southern Athenian plain and the coastal strip of Attica west of Hymettos is examined, particularly aerial photography showing the systematic use of terracing and roads. The deme's demography and economy are examined in the context of the pattern of settlement in the countryside, and the coordinated efforts of neighboring communities. It is argued that the intensive cultivation of cash crops (especially olives), the economic and social interdependence of neighbouring Attic demes, and their reliance on the urban market of Athens, were the basis of the economy of the Athenian countryside in the Classical period. The division sometimes seen by modern scholars between urban and rural life in Athens is therefore fundamentally incorrect.

Keywords:   Euonymon, deme, cash‐crops, Attica, countryside, aerial photography, archaeology, terracing, demography, agriculture

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