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The Representation and Processing of Compound Words$
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Gary Libben and Gonia Jarema

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199228911

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228911.001.0001

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Compound Types

Compound Types

(p.23) 2 Compound Types
The Representation and Processing of Compound Words


Oxford University Press

This chapter begins by addressing the question of the manner in which compounds may be defined. It notes that it is by no means a simple task to present an intensional definition of the notion ‘compound’. It focuses, therefore, on an extensional definition as well as a discussion of the prototypical properties of compounds. Compound prototypes in this formulation are characterized by the absence of a set of features that are known to be properties of syntactic phrases. The chapter discusses the definition of morphological productivity, which in turn leads to a consideration of the role of morphological headedness in compound formation. It cites evidence that compounding shows a preference for right-headedness and endocentricity. It concludes by summarizing the properties of prototypical compounds, and listing the structural preferences that one may observe across languages.

Keywords:   compounds, productivity, compound classification

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