This chapter focuses on a basic but systematic treatment of wavefunctions. By comparison with a spin 1/2 system, the concept of a wavefunction as a collection of coefficients is developed, followed by discussions of eigenstates, operators, and representations in the context of wavefunctions. Transformation from position to momentum representation is effected by a Fourier transform. This is developed next, and illustrated for a Gaussian. The discussion of phases and time evolution in earlier chapters is now applied to wavefunctions, and the time evolution of a free particle discussed. The concept of a wavepacket and its suitability for representing particles follows. A topic of some subtlety — and one which is discussed in detail — is the use of bra-ket (Dirac) notation for wavefunctions. The chapter closes with a short epilogue.
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