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Geopolitics and EmpireThe Legacy of Halford Mackinder$
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Gerry Kearns

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199230112

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230112.001.0001

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Conservative Geopolitics

Conservative Geopolitics

(p.225) 8 Conservative Geopolitics
Geopolitics and Empire

Gerry Kearns

Oxford University Press

This chapter draws together aspects of Mackinder's geopolitics echoed in modern debates. Although there is little evidence that all of the authors cited have read Mackinder's work, there remains the indirect influence through earlier thinkers such as Spykman who did. It shows that present-day parallels with Mackinder extend not only to geostrategies focused upon the Eurasian Heartland and the need to contain Russia, but modern conservative geopolitics comprehends also more fundamental elements of the geopolitical imaginary, including a view of the world as containing incompatible civilizations, hostile states, intense spatial integration, political anarchy, and relentless conflict. In other words, modern writers conceive the world as containing more or less the same sorts of forces, threats, and opportunities that Mackinder outlined in his writings and enacted through his deeds.

Keywords:   Mackinder, conservative geopolitics, imperialism, Empire, Russia, Heartland

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