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Embodied Communication in Humans and
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Embodied Communication in Humans and Machines

Ipke Wachsmuth, Manuela Lenzen, and Günther Knoblich


When people communicate face to face they don't just exchange verbal information. Rather, communication encompasses the whole body. Communication partners synchronize their body sway, and mimic or imitate each other's body postures and actions. They produce a multitude of manual and facial gestures that help to illustrate what is being said, show how communication partners feel, or reveal verbal deception. Moreover, face-to-face communication takes place in shared contexts where partners jointly attend and refer to the same objects, often while working on joint tasks such as carrying a table o ... More

Keywords: communication partners, postures, facial gestures, verbal deception, signal transmission, Embodied Communication, human communication, mirror system, robots

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2008 Print ISBN-13: 9780199231751
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231751.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Ipke Wachsmuth, editor
Professor/Chair of Artificial Intelligence, Faculty of Technology, University of Bielefeld, Germany

Manuela Lenzen, editor
Managing Research Assistant, Center for Interdisciplinary Research, University of Bielefeld, Germany

Günther Knoblich, editor
Professor of Social Cognitive Neuroscience, School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, UK

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1 Introduction to embodied communication: why communication needs the body

Ipke Wachsmuth, Manuela Lenzen, and Günther Knoblich

7 The role of the mirror system in embodied communication

Natalie Sebanz, and Günther Knoblich

9 Communication and cooperation in living beings and artificial agents

Achim Stephan, Manuela Lenzen, Josep Call, and Matthias Uhl

16 Imitation in embodied communication—from monkey mirror neurons to artificial humans

Stefan Kopp, Ipke Wachsmuth, James Bonaiuto, and Michael Arbib

18 Implementing a non-modular theory of language production in an embodied conversational agent

Timo Sowa, Stefan Kopp, Susan Duncan, David McNeill, and Ipke Wachsmuth

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