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Health Measurement Scales – A practical guide to their development and use - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Health Measurement Scales: A practical guide to their development and use

David L. Streiner and Geoffrey R. Norman


This book covers in detail how to develop a measurement scale: a questionnaire or instrument, with specific applications in health sciences. Its organization follows the steps developers will go through during the process beginning with how the individual items are developed, and the various biases that can affect responses (e.g., social desirability, yea-saying, framing). It then discusses different response options, such as Likert scales, adjectival scales, visual analogue scales, Harter scales, and face scales, and the advantages and disadvantages of each. The book then explains how to sele ... More

Keywords: scales, psychometrics, test theory, reliability, validity, item response theory

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2008 Print ISBN-13: 9780199231881
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231881.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

David L. Streiner, author
Director, Kunin-Lunenfeld Applied Research Unit; Assistant Vice-President, Research, Baycrest Centre; Professor, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto; and Professor Emeritus, Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Canada

Geoffrey R. Norman, author
Assistant Dean, Program for Educational Research and Development, and Professor, Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Canada