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Health Measurement ScalesA practical guide to their development and use$
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David L. Streiner and Geoffrey R. Norman

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199231881

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231881.001.0001

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Scaling responses

Scaling responses

(p.37) Chapter 4 Scaling responses
Health Measurement Scales

David L. Streiner

Geoffrey R. Norman

Oxford University Press

The responses to items can take many forms, ranging from dichotomous (e.g., Yes/No) to continuous. This chapter presents many of the variants of continuous judgements, such as visual analogue scales, Likert scales, adjectival scales, Harter scales, and face scales. It discusses many of the issues that the test developer must address, such as the number of steps on a scale, whether there should be an odd or even number of alternatives, whether or not to label each point on a scale, and the meanings of various adjectives. It then presents comparative judgement methods (e.g., paired comparisons, Guttman scaling, Thurstone scaling), and econometric methods (time tradeoff, standard gamble).

Keywords:   scaling, VAS, Likert scale, adjectival scale, face scale, Harter scale, Guttman scale, Thurstone scale, econometric methods

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