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Health Measurement ScalesA practical guide to their development and use$
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David L. Streiner and Geoffrey R. Norman

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199231881

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231881.001.0001

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From items to scales

From items to scales

(p.135) Chapter 7 From items to scales
Health Measurement Scales

David L. Streiner

Geoffrey R. Norman

Oxford University Press

Once items are selected and screened, they must be combined into a scale. Factors to be considered include whether to weight the items; how to deal with missing responses; and how to transform the final score, such as using percentiles, standardized scores, and constructing norms. Often, a continuous score must be dichotomized for decision making, and a cut score established. This chapter discusses various options, including receiver operating characteristic curves, norm-referenced, and criterion-referenced educational and evaluation measurement.

Keywords:   weighting, norms, ROC curves, criterion-referenced, norm-referenced, standard scores, percentiles

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