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The Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology$
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Jennifer Gurd, Udo Kischka, and John Marshall

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199234110

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234110.001.0001

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Neuropsychology: past, present, and future

Neuropsychology: past, present, and future

(p.3) Chapter 1 Neuropsychology: past, present, and future
The Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology

John C. Marshall

Jennifer M. Gurd

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the past, present, and future of neuropsychology. The first golden age of neuropsychology, as practised by behavioural neurologists and neuropsychiatrists from 1861 to 1914, was associated with significant advances in the fractionation of the aphasias (Bastian, Broca, Wernicke), the agnosias (Lissauer), the apraxias (Liepmann), and the alexias (Déjerine), along with the relevant autopsy-confirmed anatomoclinical correlations. By the end of the 1950s, psychologists had a secure role in all aspects of the assessment and rehabilitation of patients with cognitive disorders. Predicting the future and extrapolating current trends are enterprises that have somewhat different risks attached. However, what can confidently be predicted is that clinical neuropsychologists will not be short of work in the foreseeable future.

Keywords:   clinical neuropsychology, cognitive disorders, neuropsychological approaches, aphasias, agnosias, apraxias, alexias

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