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Global Stakeholder DemocracyPower and Representation Beyond Liberal States$
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Terry Macdonald

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199235001

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235001.001.0001

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Democracy Beyond ‘Closed’ Societies

Democracy Beyond ‘Closed’ Societies

(p.21) 1 Democracy Beyond ‘Closed’ Societies
Global Stakeholder Democracy

Terry MacDonald

Oxford University Press

This chapter begins the task of delineating legitimate global institutional boundaries by arguing that we need to abandon the assumption, entrenched within traditional liberal democratic theory, that democracy must take place within a ‘closed’ society (paradigmatically, a nation-state). Instead, it is argued that democrats should embrace the prospect of a ‘pluralist’ global political order, comprised of multiple agents of public power held to account by their multiple overlapping stakeholder communities. What this requires is that multiple state and non-state agents of public power in global politics should be identified as the legitimate subjects of democratic control in accordance with their autonomy-constraining impact on populations. Correspondingly, individual stakeholders should be accorded participatory entitlements as the legitimate agents of democratic control, in accordance with the impact of this public power upon their lives.

Keywords:   boundaries, democracy, liberal, closed society, pluralist, stakeholder, autonomy, public, power

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