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Molecules and ModelsThe molecular structures of main group element compounds$
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Arne Haaland

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199235353

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235353.001.0001

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Atomic properties: one-electron atoms

Atomic properties: one-electron atoms

(p.1) Chapter 1 Atomic properties: one-electron atoms
Molecules and Models

Arne Haaland

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the application of quantum mechanics to the description of hydrogen and other one-electron atoms. The variation of ionization energy and atomic size with nuclear charge or principal quantum number is described, along with the atomic shape as defined by constant probability density contours of s, p, and d atomic orbitals. The chapter closes with a discussion of angular momentum and a classification of atomic orbitals as σ, π, or δ orbitals.

Keywords:   hydrogen atom, electronic energy, wavefunction, atomic orbital, orbital energy, ionization energy, atomic radius, probability density, s-orbital, p-orbital

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