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Plato and Hesiod$
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G. R. Boys-Stones and J. H. Haubold

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199236343

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236343.001.0001

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Hesiod in Plato: Second fiddle to Homer? 1

Hesiod in Plato: Second fiddle to Homer? 1

(p.68) 4 Hesiod in Plato: Second fiddle to Homer?1
Plato and Hesiod

Naoko Yamagata

Oxford University Press

This chapter surveys the relationship between Homer and Hesiod in Plato's work, focusing on the ways in which different Platonic characters portray and invoke the two poets. Tabulating and analysing Platonic allusions to Hesiod, it concludes that Plato depicts Socrates as a lover of Homer, whereas his interlocutors draw more freely on Hesiod. Moreover, there appears to be a tendency among Platonic speakers to be more optimistic about the truth of ‘Homeric’ myths (i.e. myths constructed from Homeric elements) than that of ‘Hesiodic’ ones.

Keywords:   Hesiod, Plato, Socrates, Homer, myths

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