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Classical Culture and Modern Masculinity$
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Daniel Orrells

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199236442

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236442.001.0001

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Translating the Love of Philosophy: Jowett and Pater on Plato

Translating the Love of Philosophy: Jowett and Pater on Plato

(p.97) 2 Translating the Love of Philosophy: Jowett and Pater on Plato
Classical Culture and Modern Masculinity

Daniel Orrells

Oxford University Press

Chapter two takes account for the significance of German historical thought in Oxford in the second half of the nineteenth century. Benjamin Jowett, Regius Professor of Greek, helped to re‐organise the Classics curriculum at the University, by implanting and centralizing Plato's dialogues on the syllabus. His tutorials were designed to mimic Socratic elenchus. But the issue of Greek pederasty troubled this issue of Greek exemplarity over the making of the Victorian man, an issue Jowett pondered in his translations of Plato, as explored in this chapter. Walter Pater came to be one of the Professor's most famous pupils, re‐directing Jowett's interpretations for his own ends. The issue of ancient homoerotics, as this chapter continues to examine, offered Pater an alternative way into thinking about the relationship between ancient and modern histories, between ancient and modern masculinities.

Keywords:   Jowett, Pater, Plato, pederasty, sexuality, philosophy, letters, Winckelmann, Lacadaemon

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