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The HIV PandemicLocal and Global Implications$
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Eduard J. Beck, Nicholas Mays, Alan W. Whiteside, and José M. Zuniga

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199237401

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237401.001.0001

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(p.476) Chapter 32 Italy
The HIV Pandemic

Francesco Taroni

George France

Andrea Tramarin

Emma Conti

Andrea Donatini

Fernando Antonio Compostella

Oxford University Press

This chapter reviews Italy's response to its HIV epidemic. More than twenty years after the diagnosis of the first case of AIDS, the pattern of the HIV epidemic in Italy has significantly changed. A particular feature of the Italian case is that heterosexual transmission has been increasing, mainly as a result of sexual contact with injecting drug users (IDUs). This reflects the fact that, despite a number of local success stories, Italy has not been successful in preventing the spread of HIV infection both among and from IDUs.

Keywords:   heterosexual transmission, HIV epidemic, sexual contact, IDUs, HIV infection

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