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The HIV PandemicLocal and Global Implications$
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Eduard J. Beck, Nicholas Mays, Alan W. Whiteside, and José M. Zuniga

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199237401

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237401.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 10 May 2021

Antiretroviral treatment and care of HIV

Antiretroviral treatment and care of HIV

(p.86) Chapter 6 Antiretroviral treatment and care of HIV
The HIV Pandemic

Joep MA Lange

Oxford University Press

The introduction of HAART is one of the great success stories of modern medicine. In fact its application in the developed world has led to striking reductions in HIV-related morbidity and mortality. Consequently, prophylaxis and treatment of opportunistic infections associated with HIV infection are less of an issue in the HAART era than they were before. However, this is not true for developing countries, where the introduction of HAART is still limited to a minority of the population in need and which also have to deal with a dual epidemic of HIV and tuberculosis (TB). Thus, this chapter also discusses prophylaxis and treatment of opportunistic infections in resource-poor settings and specifically deals with HIV/TB dual infections.

Keywords:   antiretroviral treatment, prophylaxis, opportunistic infections, HIV infection, HAART, developing countries, dual epidemic, tuberculosis

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