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Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya SenVolume I: Ethics, Welfare, and Measurement$
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Kaushik Basu and Ravi Kanbur

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199239115

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239115.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 24 October 2021

Individual Choices in a Non‐Consequentialist Framework *

Individual Choices in a Non‐Consequentialist Framework *


(p.148) Chapter 9 Individual Choices in a Non‐Consequentialist Framework*
Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen

Wulf Gaertner

Yongsheng Xu

Oxford University Press

Most of game theory, welfare economics, and choice theory is consequentialist in nature. What really matters in these analyses are outcomes, which are often measured in terms of utilities or monetary payoffs. Non-consequentialist features may, however, matter. The procedural aspect behind availability of alternatives may induce an individual to abstain from choosing any element at all so that the choice set becomes empty. This chapter relates the concept of choice to procedural aspects of different kinds. Availability of objects, different aspects of production as such, and shrinkages from an originally given set of options to several of its subsets are considered. Rationalizability of choice in such contexts is studied axiomatically. The chapter relates conditions to the standard consistency conditions from traditional choice theory. It finally makes a suggestion how to derive an ordering over different procedures.

Keywords:   non-consequentialist approach, procedural aspects, choice functions, rationalizability, consistency

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