- Title Pages
- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Contributors
- Introduction
- Chapter 1 Why Economics Needs Ethical Theory
- Chapter 2 The Sen System of Social Evaluation
- Chapter 3 The Good Life and the Good Economy<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 4 The Adaptation Problem, Evolution and Normative Economics<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 5 Rights and Interests
- Chapter 6 Elements of a Theory of the Right to Development<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 7 Rational Choice on General Domains<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 8 Some Remarks on the Ranking of Infinite Utility Streams<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 9 Individual Choices in a Non‐Consequentialist Framework<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 10 The Method of Majority Decision and Rationality Conditions<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 11 Convexity and Separability in Representing Consensus
- Chapter 12 Rights, Individual Preferences and Collective Rationality
- Chapter 13 Irrelevant Alternatives
- Chapter 14 Limited Rights and Social Choice Rules<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 15 Dominance Criteria for Critical‐Level Generalized Utilitarianism<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 16 The Measurement of Capabilities<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 17 On Ultrapoverty<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 18 Multidimensional Poverty Orderings<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 19 External Capabilities<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 20 On the Welfarist Rationale for Relative Poverty Lines<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 21 Justice as Fairness and the Capability Approach<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 22 Ungrouping Income Distributions
- Chapter 23 A Practical Proposal for Simplifying the Measurement of Income Poverty<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 24 Concepts and Measures of Agency<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 25 Sen's Identities
- Chapter 26 Welfare Economics and Giving for Development<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 27 Equity and Sharing the Cost of a Public Project<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 28 Isolation, Assurance and Rules<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 29 Simple Formulae for Optimal Income Taxation and the Measurement of Inequality<sup>*</sup>
- Index of Names
- Index of Subjects
On Ultrapoverty *
On Ultrapoverty *
- Chapter:
- (p.311) Chapter 17 On Ultrapoverty^{*}
- Source:
- Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen
- Author(s):
Sudhir Anand (Contributor Webpage)
Christopher Harris
Oliver Linton
- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
Lipton (1983) defined an individual to be ‘ultrapoor’ if and only if: (i) his calorie intake falls below 0.8 of the intake appropriate for his age, sex, and activity group; and (ii) his foodshare exceeds 0.8. of the appropriate foodshare. This chapter evaluates Lipton's concept of ultrapoverty. This is done by relating it to the well-established welfare indicator ‘total expenditure’, on the one hand, and to a wide range of housing and other non-monetary indicators on the other. The chapter agues that: (i) while calorie intake does contain important poverty information, it contains less poverty information than total expenditure; and (ii) foodshare contains very little poverty information. Hence, neither of the components of Lipton's double criterion is, on its own, a good criterion for poverty. It further argues that while the double 0.8 (or ‘double-eighty’) criterion may have some merits over each of its components, it is nonetheless inferior to a poverty criterion based simply on total expenditure. A particular feature of the analysis is the chapter's use of non-parametric methods to assess the local strength of the association between calorie intake and foodshare, respectively, against total expenditure.
Keywords: ultrapoverty, poverty, undernourishment, calorie intake, foodshare, double-eighty criterion, total expenditure per capita, welfare indicator, Lipton
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- Title Pages
- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Contributors
- Introduction
- Chapter 1 Why Economics Needs Ethical Theory
- Chapter 2 The Sen System of Social Evaluation
- Chapter 3 The Good Life and the Good Economy<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 4 The Adaptation Problem, Evolution and Normative Economics<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 5 Rights and Interests
- Chapter 6 Elements of a Theory of the Right to Development<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 7 Rational Choice on General Domains<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 8 Some Remarks on the Ranking of Infinite Utility Streams<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 9 Individual Choices in a Non‐Consequentialist Framework<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 10 The Method of Majority Decision and Rationality Conditions<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 11 Convexity and Separability in Representing Consensus
- Chapter 12 Rights, Individual Preferences and Collective Rationality
- Chapter 13 Irrelevant Alternatives
- Chapter 14 Limited Rights and Social Choice Rules<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 15 Dominance Criteria for Critical‐Level Generalized Utilitarianism<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 16 The Measurement of Capabilities<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 17 On Ultrapoverty<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 18 Multidimensional Poverty Orderings<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 19 External Capabilities<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 20 On the Welfarist Rationale for Relative Poverty Lines<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 21 Justice as Fairness and the Capability Approach<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 22 Ungrouping Income Distributions
- Chapter 23 A Practical Proposal for Simplifying the Measurement of Income Poverty<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 24 Concepts and Measures of Agency<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 25 Sen's Identities
- Chapter 26 Welfare Economics and Giving for Development<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 27 Equity and Sharing the Cost of a Public Project<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 28 Isolation, Assurance and Rules<sup>*</sup>
- Chapter 29 Simple Formulae for Optimal Income Taxation and the Measurement of Inequality<sup>*</sup>
- Index of Names
- Index of Subjects