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Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen, Volume 2Society, Institutions, and Development$
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Kaushik Basu and Ravi Kanbur

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199239979

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239979.001.0001

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Protective Security or Protection Rackets? War and Sovereignty

Protective Security or Protection Rackets? War and Sovereignty

Chapter:
(p.470) Chapter 25 Protective Security or Protection Rackets? War and Sovereignty
Source:
Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen, Volume 2
Author(s):

Mary Kaldor

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239979.003.0026

It is generally assumed that all forms of violence within the boundaries of the state are criminal and that the state guarantees internal security through the rule of law and policing. Externally, the state protects its citizens against foreign enemies using the military. This chapter suggests that the distinction between legitimate and illegitimate protection is breaking down because the traditional external role is no longer effective, and the distinction between inside and outside is becoming blurred. If states are to provide protective security, this is only possible, nowadays, within a multilateral framework in which protective security is something that every human being can expect and not just the citizens of some countries. In making this argument, the chapter starts by describing how contemporary war can be perceived as a protection racket and then consider the ways in which the distinction between legitimate and illegitimate protection is breaking down. In the final section, it discusses the prospects for reconstructing legitimacy around human or protective security.

Keywords:   war, sovereignty, protective security, legitimacy, violence, internal security, legitimate protection, illegitimate protection

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