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Metaphor, Allegory, and the Classical TraditionAncient Thought and Modern Revisions$
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G. R. Boys-Stones

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780199240050

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199240050.001.0001

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Metaphor and Metonymy: Aristotle, Jakobson, Ricoeur, and Others *

Metaphor and Metonymy: Aristotle, Jakobson, Ricoeur, and Others *

(p.115) 7 Metaphor and Metonymy: Aristotle, Jakobson, Ricoeur, and Others*
Metaphor, Allegory, and the Classical Tradition

Michael Silk

Oxford University Press

This chapter argues in favour of Roman Jakobson’s privileging of metonymy alongside metaphor as primary linguistic tropes (‘trope’ is to be understood here, in a significant modification of Aristotle’s understanding of metaphor, as deviation from usage perceived or felt as normal). But Jakobson shares with Aristotle, as also with Paul Ricoeur and philosophical theorists at large, the fault of paying too little respect to actual literary practice. The result is that they identify metaphor as the defining characteristic of poetic language, mistakenly ignoring the importance of metonymy as well.

Keywords:   metaphor, metonymy, trope, Aristotle, Jakobson, Ricoeur

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