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Information Technology PolicyAn International History$
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Richard Coopey

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199241057

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241057.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 October 2021

“Beat IBM,” Entrepreneurial Bureaucracy: A Contradiction in Terms?

“Beat IBM,” Entrepreneurial Bureaucracy: A Contradiction in Terms?

(p.121) 5 “Beat IBM,” Entrepreneurial Bureaucracy: A Contradiction in Terms?
Information Technology Policy

Seiichiro Yonekura

Oxford University Press

This chapter argues that Japan's Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI), whether fortuitously or otherwise, hit upon a strategy for the computer industry, which called for coordination between appropriate administrative guidance and intervention on the one hand, and allowed autonomy and self-determination for private companies on the other. By heeding the advice of industry and cooperating positively with private companies, MITI adopted either a ‘planned coordination’ approach or a ‘market coordination’ approach according to industry function. The intervention by function approach worked well for the computer industry.

Keywords:   Japan, Ministry of International Trade and Industry, computer industry, IBM, national champion policy, JECC, FONTAC, Japan Software Corporation

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