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Semi-Detached IdealistsThe British Peace Movement and International Relations,
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Martin Ceadel

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780199241170

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241170.001.0001

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Rise, February 1793–October 1851

Rise, February 1793–October 1851

(p.12) 2 Rise, February 1793–October 1851
Semi-Detached Idealists

Martin Ceadel

Oxford University Press

The optimism regarding Britain's peace movement waned by the time of the Crimean War as during the 18th century there were already changing attitudes towards both international relations and political activism. This geared the possibility of a peace association as suggested by the utilitarian philosopher Jeremy Bentham in 1789 as the first peace campaign of the world began early in Britain's French wars of February 1793 to June 1815. The long conflict brought to establishment the first peace associations and the peace movement of Britain enjoyed favourable geographical and cultural conditions. It was an impressive first six decades for Britain's peace movement as it faced adversity both during and after the French war leading to the establishment of pacifism as significant minority viewpoint within the debate of war or peace.

Keywords:   Crimean War, French War, Jeremy Bentham, peace associations, pacifism, international relations, peace movement, fatalism

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