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Social Democracy in Neoliberal TimesThe Left and Economic Policy since 1980$
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The Late Andrew Glyn

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780199241378

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241378.001.0001

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Why the Social Democratic Option Failed: Poland’s Experience of Systemic Change

Why the Social Democratic Option Failed: Poland’s Experience of Systemic Change

Chapter:
(p.223) 9 Why the Social Democratic Option Failed: Poland’s Experience of Systemic Change
Source:
Social Democracy in Neoliberal Times
Author(s):

Tadeusz Kowalik

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241378.003.0009

Unexpected introduction of social democratic policies, mainly in the form of systemic change, in Poland was caused by the foundations and actions of mass movements, the various events in relation to social class and Solidarity reforms from 1981 to 1989. These social democratic movements and actions have significantly distorted or perhaps, shifted the attitudes, perception of duties, expectations, and behaviours of employees. In addition, they not only encountered a gradual decrease in their standards of living, but also, they underwent chronic psychological distress, which affected their social relationships. Such effects are not what the people expected upon the conception of social democracy.

Keywords:   social democratic policies, systemic change, Poland, mass movements, Solidarity reforms

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