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PartsA Study in Ontology$
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Peter Simons

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780199241460

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241460.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 03 August 2021

. Concepts and Principles of Extensional Mereology

. Concepts and Principles of Extensional Mereology

Chapter:
(p.8) 1. Concepts and Principles of Extensional Mereology
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Parts
Author(s):

PETER SIMONS

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241460.003.0002

Although Stanislaw Leśniewski's Mereology was the first extensional part—whole theory to be rigorously developed, it is expressed in the formal language of the general logic Leśniewski called ‘Ontology’, and which is sometimes called his calculus of names. This language is, by comparison with those of predicate logic and set theory, still relatively little known, so mereological concepts and principles are first introduced. Leśniewski's notation can then be introduced without any great difficulty in its intended meaning. As far as the narrower issues of extensional mereology are concerned, there is no important difference between Leśniewski and other writers. This chapter discusses meteorological principles, classical extensional meteorology, and the questions of atomism.

Keywords:   Stanislaw Leśniewski, mereology, ontology, classical extensional mereology, atomism, part, whole

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