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PartsA Study in Ontology$
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Peter Simons

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780199241460

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241460.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 31 July 2021

Superposition, Composition, and Matter

Superposition, Composition, and Matter

Chapter:
(p.210) 6 Superposition, Composition, and Matter
Source:
Parts
Author(s):

PETER SIMONS

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241460.003.0007

Rejection of the antisymmetry of part—whole allows us to recognise different objects having the same parts. Objects with the same parts are necessarily in the same place at all times at which they have the same parts. This leads to the more general question as to how more than one object can be in the same place at the same time. This chapter defends this idea against objections and considers the more difficult issue of the conditions under which such superposition is possible. It turns out that this frequently happens when one object is the matter of, composes, or constitutes another, and this in turn leads us to a general consideration of matter and its likely mereological properties. It is impossible to isolate mereological from more general ontological issues.

Keywords:   superposition, coincidence, mixtures, composition, constitution, matter, objects, mereology, ontology

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