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War and UnderdevelopmentVolume 1: The Economic and Social Consequences of Conflict$
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Frances Stewart and Valpy Fitzgerald

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780199241866

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241866.001.0001

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The Costs of War in Poor Countries: Conclusions and Policy Recommendations

The Costs of War in Poor Countries: Conclusions and Policy Recommendations

(p.225) 9 The Costs of War in Poor Countries: Conclusions and Policy Recommendations
War and Underdevelopment

Frances Stewart

Valpy FitzGerald

Oxford University Press

Many of the poorest economies have been seriously affected by armed conflicts during the past three decades, as shown in this book. In poor countries, the human costs of conflict are not only the result of direct violence – casualties from fighting between combatants, the undisciplined behaviour of troops, deliberate terrorising of civilians, and the sowing of landmines – but also arise from hunger, forced migration, and the collapse of public services stemming from the wider effects of prolonged conflict on the economic and administrative structure of the country as a whole. The book's aim here has been to further understanding of economies at war in order to contribute to the identification of appropriate policies to reduce human hardship, even though the heterogeneity and complexity of war-affected economies make simple generalisation extremely difficult. Appropriate policies must be sensitive to the conditions in the particular economy, the nature of the conflict, and the political situation.

Keywords:   armed conflicts, poor countries, human costs, violence, policies, hunger, forced migration, casualties

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