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Access to Land, Rural Poverty, and Public Action$
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Alain de Janvry, Gustavo Gordillo, Elisabeth Sadoulet, and Jean-Philippe Platteau

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780199242177

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242177.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 07 December 2021

The Changing Role of the State in Latin American Land Reforms

The Changing Role of the State in Latin American Land Reforms

(p.279) 11 The Changing Role of the State in Latin American Land Reforms
Access to Land, Rural Poverty, and Public Action

Alain De Janvry

Elisabeth Sadoulet

Wendy Wolford

Oxford University Press

The power of the state — regardless of whether this is practiced over democratic, authoritarian, and other forms of government — has been used by all Latin American governments to impose modifications in the land access of certain household categories in regions that experience population pressure to further the redefinition of land rights for those who already have access. Looking into the history of land reform in Latin America, which can further be divided into three phases, reveals why the eighty years of land reform have only brought on minimal improvements in solving land access problems and in reducing the high inequality which is made evident in land distribution. When taking a social point of view, the skewed distribution may be attributed to land misuse. This chapter examines the state's changing role through assessing the access to land given to minifundists and the landless and the competitiveness of those who are with titles in the reform sector.

Keywords:   state, Latin America, land reforms, land distribution, inequality, land rights, land misuse, access to land, competitiveness

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