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Access to Land, Rural Poverty, and Public Action$
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Alain de Janvry, Gustavo Gordillo, Elisabeth Sadoulet, and Jean-Philippe Platteau

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780199242177

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242177.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 28 October 2021

Case Study. Post-Communist Land Reform and Changes in Tenure in the Czech Republic

Case Study. Post-Communist Land Reform and Changes in Tenure in the Czech Republic

Chapter:
(p.392) 16 Case Study. Post-Communist Land Reform and Changes in Tenure in the Czech Republic
Source:
Access to Land, Rural Poverty, and Public Action
Author(s):

Tomáš Doucha

Erik Mathijs

F. M. Johan Swinnen

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242177.003.0016

When the Czech Republic was still under the Communism regime, agriculture was still organized in collective farms and in large-scale states. By 1989, the last year of Communist rule, 174 state farms accounted for 29.2% of the total agricultural land (TAL) while 1,024 collective farms covered the remaining 70.4%. Private agriculture, which was mostly operated on a part-time basis, proved to be marginal since it only made up 0.4% of TAL. The ownership of various farm assets could be divided into three categories which involve state-owned assets, privately-owned assets, and non-land assets that were collectively owned by the members of collective farms. As such, post-Communist agricultural reform included the following: restitution, transformation, and privatization. This chapter focuses on the legislative framework passed by the Czech parliament which encompasses land tenure and land access as a result of the laws.

Keywords:   Czech Republic, Communism, post-Communism, collective farms, agricultural reform, legislative framework, land tenure, land access

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