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Access to Land, Rural Poverty, and Public Action$
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Alain de Janvry, Gustavo Gordillo, Elisabeth Sadoulet, and Jean-Philippe Platteau

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780199242177

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242177.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 06 December 2021

Case Study. Regulating the Sharecropping System: Operation Barga

Case Study. Regulating the Sharecropping System: Operation Barga

(p.230) 9 Case Study. Regulating the Sharecropping System: Operation Barga
Access to Land, Rural Poverty, and Public Action

Uday Shankar Saha

Mandira Saha

Oxford University Press

Although West Bengal is one of India's smaller states, it is perceived to be the most populous wherein more than half of its population — about 72% — reside in rural areas on 6.3 million fragmented landholdings. ‘Operation Barga’ (OB) was initiated by the West Bengal government in 1978 as a comprehensive program to address the reforms on the sharecropping system which was employed throughout the state and comprises 20–25% of all farms. This chapter presents a case study wherein the OB's overall impact is assessed through an appraisal study which involved eighty sharecroppers across six villages under four local government systems or Panchayats. The areas were categorized based on a relative agricultural development level to further emphasize OB's differential regional effect.

Keywords:   Operation Barga, West Bengal, India, differential regional effect, sharecropping, fragmented landholdings

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