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Social Provision in Low-Income CountriesNew Patterns and Emerging Trends$
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Germano Mwabu, Cecilia Ugaz, and Gordon White

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780199242191

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242191.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 19 April 2021

Social Provision in Finland: A Historical Perspective

Social Provision in Finland: A Historical Perspective

(p.288) 14 Social Provision in Finland: A Historical Perspective
Social Provision in Low-Income Countries

A. Sakari HäRö

Kalimo Esko

Oxford University Press

The chapter talks about the indicators that should be taken into account when examining the current economic, social, and political conditions of developing countries, concentrating on the importance of civil societies in systematising and providing social services in Finland. The discussion starts by looking at historical developments of non-governmental institutions that are currently operating. This is followed by the system, components, stages involved in social provision, with much attention given to significant stances of religious communities, specific societies, and local government. Existing challenges, opportunities, and predicaments in Finnish social development (which mainly revolves on the issues on education and medical services) are then described. The chapter ends with the conclusion that Finland's capacity and ability to deliver effectively social services is not determined by high income levels and national output, but is accounted for by the extent of cooperation among the members of society.

Keywords:   developing countries, civil societies, social services, Finland, income, cooperation, progress

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