This chapter discusses the relationship of the Scottish parliament to the crown, which refers not only to the person who was entitled to wear this item of headgear, but also to the vehicle for the issuing of orders in that person's name in such a way that they carried effective legal force. The rise of parliament was paralleled by the rise of a more powerful personal monarchy, in which the crown began to do more things using the royal prerogative, and even to exclude parliament from certain areas. The possibility of sustained conflict between crown and parliament began to arise. The continuing influence and involvement of the crown after 1603 casts doubt on the concept of ‘absentee monarchy’. This chapter discusses the role of personal monarchy in the politics and government of Scotland, as well as that of parliament, royal court, privy council, and nobility.
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