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L.W.B. Brockliss

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199243563

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243563.001.0001

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English Exceptionalism

(p.323) Conclusion
The University of Oxford

L. W. B. Brockliss

Oxford University Press

The conclusion to Part II charts the changes that occurred to the university system on the continent following the philosophes’ attack on the pointlessness of studying Latin and Greek, the secularizing reforms of the French revolutionaries, and the birth of the German research university, particularly as reshaped by two of Prussia’s most prominent intellectuals, Immanuel Kant and Wilhelm von Humboldt. The failure of Oxford and Cambridge to undergo similar substantial reform in the first half of the nineteenth century made them look increasingly redundant as national institutions of higher education, especially in the eyes of liberals and utilitarians, and even to some within the institutions themselves.

Keywords:   French revolutionaries, Humboldt, Kant, liberals, philosophes, reform, utilitarians

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