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The Counter-Reformation in Central EuropeStyria 1580-1630$
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Regina Pörtner

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780199246151

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199246151.001.0001

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The Catholic Alliance and the Beginning of the Counter-Reformation under Karl II

The Catholic Alliance and the Beginning of the Counter-Reformation under Karl II

(p.71) 3 The Catholic Alliance and the Beginning of the Counter-Reformation under Karl II
The Counter-Reformation in Central Europe

Regina Pörtner (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Towards the end of the 1570s, the forces of the Counter-Reformation were already rallying at the courts of Munich, Innsbruck, Vienna, and Graz, reflecting a more general though gradual Catholic recovery in central and eastern Europe towards the end of the 16th century. To the eyes of contemporary observers, however, the Inner Austrian nobility seemed to have achieved a success that spelt religious toleration for the Austrian lands at large. This chapter shows that 1578 was a turning point in bringing the opposed Catholic forces together in an effort to stem the tide of heresy. Although the Catholic counter-attack during the second half of Karl II's reign could not effect a complete reversal, it was able to discourage the further spread and institutional consolidation of the new faith by restrictive legal and political measures against urban Protestantism and the Lutheran school and church ministry.

Keywords:   Counter-Reformation, Inner Austria, Catholic Church, Karl II, Protestantism, Styria, Lutheranism, Habsburg Monarchy, Salzburg, religious policy

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