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A People ApartA Political History of the Jews in Europe 1789–1939$
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David Vital

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780199246816

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199246816.001.0001

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(p.897) Epilogue
A People Apart

David Vital

Oxford University Press

Three-fifths of the civilian population of Jews of continental Europe were done to death in the course of World War II by Germany and its allies. It was to be the solution for all time of what was conceived in Berlin as the Jewish Problem. Most victims were killed by firing squads or in gas chambers installed in camps dedicated to the purpose. The rest were finished off by massive ill treatment and starvation in the ghettos and concentration camps into which they had been corralled, or by subjection to homicidally intense slave labour and forced marches. The military defeat of Germany occurred before the programme could be completed, but National Socialist hegemony over Europe lasted long enough for the result to fall very little short of the intention – which was to deal the Jewish people, notably in its great east European heartland, a blow from which recovery would be impossible.

Keywords:   Jews, World War II, Germany, allies, Berlin, Jewish Problem, camps, starvation, hegemony

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