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The British Peace Movement 1870-1914$
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Paul Laity

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780199248353

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248353.001.0001

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1876–1880: The Peace Movement and the Eastern Question

1876–1880: The Peace Movement and the Eastern Question

(p.63) 3 1876–1880: The Peace Movement and the Eastern Question
The British Peace Movement 1870-1914


Oxford University Press

The crisis in the Near East presented the peace movement in Britain with its most severe test since the Crimean War. The Peace Society and the Workmen's Peace Association found themselves campaigning against Benjamin Disraeli's pro-Turkish gunboat politics in 1876, then countering the agitation among a section of progressives for a crusade against Turkey and, finally, in the spring of 1878, opposing war with Russia. The Bulgarian atrocities — the repression by the Turkish Government in April and May 1876 of a nationalist rising within its empire — provoked moral outrage in Britain, especially among non-conformists and working men. The peace associations were also learning to cope with a new phenomenon: an orchestrated popular agitation calling for war. During this time, the Peace Society was having financial problems due in part due to its collector, Lewis Appleton.

Keywords:   Benjamin Disraeli, Britain, Near East, Peace Society, non-conformists, atrocities, Turkey, war, Russia, Lewis Appleton

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