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The British Peace Movement 1870-1914$
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Paul Laity

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780199248353

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248353.001.0001

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1899–1907: The Hague Conferences and the South African War

1899–1907: The Hague Conferences and the South African War

(p.145) 6 1899–1907: The Hague Conferences and the South African War
The British Peace Movement 1870-1914


Oxford University Press

In 1898, Russian Tsar Nicholas II, partly for reasons of his country's interest and partly from humanitarian impulse, invited the powers to a conference to discuss the worrying build-up of armaments and ‘the most effectual means of ensuring to all peoples the benefits of a real and durable peace’. The move was hailed by the peace associations as one of the most remarkable events of human history. W. T. Stead led a campaign in support of the Tsar, on a much bigger scale than the peace associations in Britain could have managed on their own. This chapter discusses the Hague conferences; the South African War, which presented the British peace movement with its greatest challenge since the Crimean War; how the Peace Society lost credibility within the peace movement because of its record on the South African War; and the International Arbitration League's position on the war.

Keywords:   South African War, peace movement, Britain, Nicholas II, Peace Society, W. T. Stead, Hague conferences, peace associations, International Arbitration League

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