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The ‘Jewish Question’ in German Literature 1749–1939Emancipation and its Discontents$
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Ritchie Robertson

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780199248889

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248889.001.0001

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(p.151) 3 Antisemitism
The ‘Jewish Question’ in German Literature 1749–1939

Ritchie Robertson

Oxford University Press

Turning to antisemitism as an external obstacle to Jewish integration, this chapter investigates the diversity of antisemitism, and looks at the representation of Jews in selected texts by Gentile writers. It seeks to distinguish an antisemitism based on the nationalistic concept of the ‘Volk’ from a subsequent antisemitism based on the quasi-scientific concept of ‘race’. It also sketches an ‘anti-modern mentality’ in which antisemitism was one component, and draws attention to a little-noticed variety of antisemitism, the ‘cultural antisemitism’ of the 1920s.

Keywords:   antisemitism, Jewish integration, Jews, Gentile writers, Volk, race, anti-modern mentality, cultural antisemitism

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