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The Revolutions in Europe, 1848–1849From Reform to Reaction$
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Robert Evans and Hartmut Pogge von Strandmann

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780199249978

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199249978.001.0001

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A Pyrrhic Victory: The Russian Empire in 1848

A Pyrrhic Victory: The Russian Empire in 1848

(p.135) 7 A Pyrrhic Victory: The Russian Empire in 1848
The Revolutions in Europe, 1848–1849

David Saunders

Oxford University Press

Nicholas I positively welcomed the prospect of chaos in western and central Europe. He had invaded the Danubian principalities in 1848 and Hungary in 1849, and was holding the ring between Austria and Prussia in central Europe. However, this chapter contends that even the ostensible successes were really failures because the tsarist regime paid prices to achieve them that it could not afford. The chapter looks more closely at the regime's conduct in international relations and the way it maintained ideological conformity. It also looks into financial matters, the peasant question, and ethnic relations. In all these respects, the chapter argues that the tsarist regime lost more than it gained as the result of the way in which it responded to the European revolutions of 1848.

Keywords:   Nicholas I, tsarist regime, Russian empire, regime's international relations, Crimean War

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