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The Polish Revolution and the Catholic Church, 1788–1792A Political History$
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Richard Butterwick

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199250332

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250332.001.0001

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Caesar's moral realm

Caesar's moral realm

(p.284) 13 Caesar's moral realm
The Polish Revolution and the Catholic Church, 1788–1792

Richard Butterwick

Oxford University Press

This chapter considers the questions of legal codification, education, ‘police’, and censorship in terms of a conflict between the hosts of God and Caesar. Warsaw and Rome engaged each other on several fronts. The king wanted papal blessing for the Constitution of 3 May 1791, and so reined in reformers (linked with Hugo Kołłątaj) who wished to use the projected ‘Code of Stanisław August’ to restrict papal jurisdiction and end monastic autonomy in the Commonwealth. The monarch was also happy to help avert a request to restore the Jesuit order, which would have embarrassed the pope. The newly founded Police Commission encountered some resistance from the clergy in its attempts to regulate hospitals and move cemeteries outside city walls, but much cooperation in combating vagrancy. The episcopate was frustrated in its efforts to implement ecclesiastical censorship of works on religion or corruptive of morals, although few laymen opposed the principle.

Keywords:   Church‐state relations, legal codification, education, Jesuits, police, hospitals, censorship, Papacy, King Stanisław August Poniatowski, Nuncio Ferdinando Maria Saluzzo

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