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The Polish Revolution and the Catholic Church, 1788–1792A Political History$
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Richard Butterwick

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199250332

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250332.001.0001

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Ecclesiastical reform—for the Orthodox

Ecclesiastical reform—for the Orthodox

(p.300) 14 Ecclesiastical reform—for the Orthodox
The Polish Revolution and the Catholic Church, 1788–1792

Richard Butterwick

Oxford University Press

Warsaw was not prepared to concede to Rome on the question of an autocephalous or autonomous Orthodox hierarchy. This was seen as essential to cutting off Russian influence and preventing rebellion among the Orthodox Ruthenian peasantry. However it was only following further papal approval of the Polish Revolution in May 1792 that the sejm agreed a comprehensive reform of the Orthodox Church within the Commonwealth. At the same time it shelved the question of a fundamental reform of the Catholic clergy of both rites. Hugo Kołłątaj and his circle pressed both reforms, but for the sejm, the Russian invasion of 14 May made the one an urgent geopolitical necessity and the other dispensable. The chapter analyses the proposed reforms to the Catholic clergy, and concludes with a coda that brings together the Commonwealth's ecclesiastical policies in its most confessionally volatile corner — the Ukraine.

Keywords:   Orthodox Church, Russian Empire, Papacy, Nuncio Ferdinando Maria Saluzzo, clergy, Hugo Kołłątaj, Stanisław Sołtyk, Ignacy Wyssogota Zakrzewski, Bishop Kacper Cieciszowski, Ukraine

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